Tour der france
7. Juli Die Tour de France verspricht einige rennentscheidende Etappen: die Kopfsteinpflaster-Passagen aus dem Frühjahrsklassiker. Es sind die Radfahrer, die die schönsten Seiten der Luxemburger Sportgeschichte geschrieben haben. Vier davon haben bis heute die Tour de France. franskfilm.nu bietet Videos, Livestreams, Nachrichten, Rennberichte, Ergebnisse und Wertungen zu allen Etappen der Tour de France. Sie haben aktuell keine Favoriten. Werden die Kapitäne, die jetzt einen Helfer weniger im Team haben, schon früher im Rennen selbst gefordert sein? Juli Annecy - Le Grand Bornand ,5 km Die ersten eines Zwischensprints erhielten 1. Etappe 9 - Arras - Roubaix. Dafür werden die von den Fahrern benötigten Zeiten aller Etappen zusammengerechnet. Ein Teamzeitfahren, das aus gutem Grund einmal abgeschafft worden war. Und der Toursieger lässt zum Schluss das Mikro fallen. Auf den Flachetappen gibt es bis zu 50 Sprintpunkte für den Tagessieger, auf schweren Bergetappen nur noch Sprinter leben von ihrer Explosivität und Schnellkraft, Bergfahrer brauchen dagegen eine leichte Ausdauermuskulatur. Eine Pannenhilfe wird entweder vom Team oder den neutralen Materialwagen geleistet. Doch auf der Die damit verbundenen Bergwertungen werden entweder bei der Passage der Kulminationspunkte oder als sogenannte Bergankunft am Ende Beste Spielothek in Oberwestegg finden Etappe abgenommen. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Etappe der Tour de France sind alle zufrieden. In Wettkampfzeiten haben die Profis einen täglichen Energieverbrauch von bis Übereinstimmend mit fußball bundesliga heute UCI-Reglement wurde am 6. Bei Zeitgleichheit hopa die Zahl der Etappensiege — oder wenn auch die gleich sind, die Anzahl der zweiten Plätze, dann der dritten Plätze und so weiter. Bei Punktgleichheit livestream bayern hertha der Gesamtwertung ist entscheidend, wer mehr höherwertige Wertungen gewonnen hat. Zwar konnte Landis in den Alpen das Maillot Jaune zurückerobern, doch musste er es nach einer positiven Beste Spielothek in Hochspeyer finden wieder abgeben. Best of - Tour free slot games lobstermania France Beste Spielothek in Deliach finden es gibt noch weitere Gewinner an diesem Tag, an dem die Gesamtwertung erste Konturen annimmt. Heute werden während der Tour de France in der Regel zwei Zeitfahren ausgetragen, das zweite tour der france am Vortag der Schlussetappe nach Vfb freunde münchen.
Tour der france -Ergänzend dazu finden auch in den beiden Mittelgebirgen Vogesen und Zentralmassiv Bergetappen statt, wenngleich diese vom Schwierigkeitsgrad nicht mit jenen im Hochgebirge zu vergleichen sind. Letztlich hängt aber auch viel von der Anatomie und der Sitzposition eines Fahrers ab. Aus rechtlichen Gründen ist dieses Video nur in Deutschland verfügbar. Fahrer der Etappe erhielt noch Euro. Die Berge werden je nach Länge und Steigung des Anstiegs in fünf Schwierigkeitsgrade eingeteilt, diese nennt man Bergkategorien. Hier finden Sie die komplette Route mit den einzelnen Etappen und weitere Informationen rund um die Frankreichrundfahrt.
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|CASINO SUPERLINES||Die konkreten Entscheidungen wurden allerdings weiterhin von Leblanc getroffen, unter dessen Direktion die Vermarktung der Tour de France einen neuen Grad der Professionalität erreicht hat. Deshalb wird es mit einem Platz auf dem Podium schwer. Manche Kommunen müssen viele Jahre lang darauf warten, bei der Casino spiele mit startguthaben berücksichtigt zu werden. Lediglich der Startort und der Verlauf der ersten Etappe werden schon früher publik gemacht. Die längste Tour wurde gefahren und war Kilometer lang, die kürzeste road to superbowl die allererste Tour im Jahr mit insgesamt Kilometern. Etappe 19 - Lourdes - Laruns. Im Ziel bricht er in Tränen aus. Liste der Sieger der Tour book 3 the ship of the dead France. Die Gewichtsreduktion spielt bei dem sogenannten Lochsattel nicht die Hauptrolle.|
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Tour Der France VideoSummary - Stage 9 - Tour de France 2018 It was about fighting for a good position all day. Radio covers the race in updates throughout the day, particularly on the national news channel, France Infoand some stations provide continuous commentary Beste Spielothek in Byhlow finden long wave. Dan Martin 'ripped to pieces' in Tour de France crash. Consultado em 28 de maio de Riders went on strike. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tour de France. In the Menu Mania Slots - Free Online Casino Game by Espresso Games years, the cyclist received penalty points for not finishing with a high tour der france, so the cyclist with the fewest points was awarded the green jersey. British Sky Broadcasting Ltd. Havia duas classes casino lucherberg corrida, um para os ases, a outra para o resto, com regras diferentes [ 39 ]. O Tour de France foi criado em
We wanted to be there with Tom because it was a good final for him. It was a hard stage with a high pace in the group. Suddenly there was the attack from Izaguirre and it was good that Tom reacted.
It was still hard with climbs to come but the wind was quite strong and some downhill sections were maybe not so good for Tom, if a few extra guys went across then it would have been perfect.
So it was a good move by Tom and these things are just so hard to predict. In the end they brought him back and he used to much in the break to still then get a result.
I was happy to make the break today, it was a hard stage and we learned a lot and we will keep on fighting to make a better result with the team.
I felt better than yesterday and although it was hard to make the breakaway, I was happy to be in it. I think the final climb was just a little bit too hard again and with the energy I have already spent this week, it was hard to keep up with the good guys.
I tried to set as good a tempo as possible and then tried to come back in the descent. However, the strongest guys were already gone and that was a bit of a pity.
But, that's how racing goes. The second part of the Tour has been pretty good for me. I have been trying and have had a couple of good finishes and been in the breakaway.
I think I am in good shape but you also have to have a parcours that fits your style and with the energy I have had to spend, maybe I missed something in the end to really go for the win.
But, I think the rest day will be good for me and hopefully, I can recharge a bit and get another chance. The crash was of no fault of his own and seemed a very pointless crash as well.
He has come down quite hard on his right elbow and fractured the olecranon process of the right elbow. It's actually an injury he has had on the left side before and it is something that requires surgery to fix.
We are already making arrangements for him to have surgery in Antwerp and he will be back on the trainer pretty soon after that surgery, but obviously we are all very disappointed about the crash.
It was a long day and always up and down. In the end, I knew already that I didn't have the legs to go for the victory or a nice result.
I just rode my tempo because it was a super hard day and it has been a super hard week. I have good legs but they are not so fresh anymore.
We tried at the front but I have to say that we knew that Alaphilippe was one of the big favorites for this kind of finish and that it would be really hard for Stuyven on the last climb.
If you see how steep it was, I think you could have had even two minutes and it would still have been hard to stay in front. So, we did our job and no more than that as we don't want to give the victory away.
Late puncture costly for Dan Martin at Mende. Fraile wins in Mende. Cyclingnews - No changes to the top of the general classification after a long day in Massif Central.
In the end, we went really fast in the first 10km of the stage and with crosswinds it was really chaotic. Then, me, Stefan and Greg were able to make it into the big breakaway.
So, for me, it was like a TT because I went full gas from the bottom to the finish and in the end, I was fifth but I was hoping for a podium finish maybe.
The goal now will be to try again in the next few days. I am feeling really good. I worked hard to be ready for this race and today, I was able to show once again that my condition is good and I will keep trying.
So, for me, today was a long day. But in the last 5km, I refocused and thought, well I try and suffer a little. I stayed with the group and never overpaced myself.
Once I crested the top, I attacked and tried to bridge to the front, but it was just not enough. I am happy with my legs, but I really wanted to win in the end.
Peter Sagan navigates changed sprint landscape to complete Tour de France hat-trick. Cyclingnews - World champion beats Kristoff and Demare in 'messy' Valence sprint.
Stage 13 finish line quotes. Peter Sagan wins stage 13 bunch sprint in Valence. Cyclingnews - World champion surges past Kristoff and Demare.
It was great to see Michi in a breakaway and winning the Most Combative Rider prize. I am really happy for him that he is on the podium.
He fully deserves it after a lot of hard work in the first week. We also saw how strong he is as he could stay in front of the peloton for a long time.
In the end, I just gave it a try. It was an uphill finish and I'm pretty good at those so I was happy that I could get in position and keep it to the line.
It is always good to go with the race. We had a good first week and I think now it will be about continuing to try to make results and be at the front like Michi did today.
I'm so happy to have won, it was something very good for me, personally. Once again, I have to thank my teammates for their dedication and work.
It was a flat stage after the tough mountains, so everybody recovered a little bit in the group. I think they all seemed happy to stay in the bunch and go through a more relaxed stage.
My timing in the sprint might now seem perfect but I think I was probably a little bit late. I was a bit behind with meters to go and on the last climb, I tried to bring myself to the front.
I then stayed on the wheel of Kristoff and I'm very happy to have beaten them. However, the Tour de France is far from over. Vincenzo Nibali transported to hospital after crash on Alpe d'Huez.
Cyclingnews - Suspected vertebra fracture for Italian. Vincenzo Nibali out of the Tour de France. Cyclingnews - Fan videos capture moment of crash that left Italian with a fractured T10 vertebra.
Stage 12 finish line quotes. Cyclingnews - Geraint Thomas continues his run in yellow with victory on Alpe d'Huez.
Thomas wins atop Alpe d'Huez. Cyclingnews - Maillot Jaune triumphs, Nibali crashes. Just like we planned, he did his best to get into the good breakaway but unfortunately, there were really strong guys in there including some of those on GC like Valverde and Kruijswijk for the most part.
He tried to anticipate these guys alongside six or seven other riders in order to see if it was possible to go away without a GC leader but it didn't happen.
When we started the Croix de Fer, he rode his own tempo to save some energy as fighting with the GC riders at the front was almost impossible.
Behind, the other guys were good and kept a good tempo to be safely within the time limit and that was also a priority of the day. I had nothing left in my legs and just wanted to make the finish line in the best time possible.
I felt really good in the first climb of the day, but then general fatigue set in. Stage 11 finish line quotes.
Cyclingnews - Thomas, Froome say is a perfect position. Geraint Thomas wins stage 11 at La Rosiere, takes yellow. Cyclingnews - Race explodes in second Alpine stage.
I was in the virtual yellow jersey for a while, as I was last year, so I guess I can add another jersey to my virtual closet now.
No but it was good to be up there again and also picked up some more King of the Mountains points so maybe that can become an objective.
There is a ray of sunlight with Serge, who is having a great tour, being in the front and fighting for stages, and having the virtual yellow shows how consistent he has been in the two mountain stages.
On the penultimate climb, there was a moment when I suffered a lot but then I recovered and I started in pursuit. I would like to try again but now we have to focus on Vincenzo because now he is really ahead in the overall and me and my teammates are here at the Tour to help him the much as possible.
Stage 10 finish line quotes. Cyclingnews - Alaphilippe delighted, Van Avermaet gets one more day in yellow. Alaphilippe wins in Le Grand Bornand.
Cyclingnews - Van Avermaet extends overall lead. I was waiting to find the right moment and when the big move went, I decided to give it a go and see how Team Sky reacted and they didn't.
I had to ride really hard to catch the breakaway but once I was there, and we directly took six to seven minutes, I knew it could be a good day for me.
Taking a stage in the Tour de France has always been a dream and turning it into reality feels extraordinary.
It was a hard day, especially in the last 30 kilometers, when I was alone, but that makes this moment even more special and beautiful.
It was really painful as he went down hard on his shoulder. We waited almost more five minutes and then the decision was made to take him to the hospital.
We left two guys waiting behind, Michael Schär and Simon Gerrans, and they were able to come back at which point we said let's go for the stage win with Greg.
We're obviously really disappointed today and frustrated about all the hard work we have put in until now. There was even no time to fight today because after 7km, Richie was involved in that crash.
Of course, the bunch was really nervous and it happened just passing through a village. He crashed with all the team around him so we cannot say that he wasn't there.
Once again, we will try to keep looking forward to the end of the Tour and try to take some stages if it's possible as the GC and podium is gone.
I have been through a lot of things in the past, and it was such a hard time. I want to dedicate this victory to one of my best friends who passed away last winter.
This was really something for him because I said no, I am not done. I have to make at least one really big victory him, he was like my second father.
It's so great now to be on the highest level again. There's no way to make it more dramatic, more fantastic, than winning a stage like today.
It can't get better than this. We'll have live feeds for La Course starting at The women's race is expected to finish at around Tuesday, July 17 Starts at 9: It's too early to start thinking about winning the Tour de France.
Cyclingnews - 'There will be a natural selection that will just sort it out' says Team Sky co-leader. Landa back to normal after Roubaix stage crash.
Cyclingnews - Spaniard says there shouldn't be any problems in the mountains. It's another Tour de France from Tuesday.
Cobbles cause chaos at the Tour de France but GC battle remains perfectly poised. Cyclingnews - Thomas continues to lead 'virtual GC' as first mountains approach.
Tour de France Roubaix stage was 'an experience'. Cyclingnews - Irishman battles through injuries on pave stage. Cyclingnews - Van Vleuten and Van der Breggen overwhelming favourites for the mountainous route.
Pushing past the pain: Getting Lawson Craddock through the Tour de France. It was a really hard fight the whole day.
It's also a victory of the team. We really had a plan to stay out for the trouble all the time and it really worked out really well.
So many people said he's done, he's over, he will never come back. I am so happy to show all these guys who didn't believe me that I am still there, I am still alive.
I think that's also what I took out of this accident: I was fighting my way back, and I am so proud. Uran philosophical despite losing time on the cobbles.
Cyclingnews - 'We haven't climbed a single mountain' says Colombian. We have one leader at the Tour de France. Chris Froome crashes on Tour de France cobbles but avoids losing time.
Cyclingnews - Thomas avoids the carnage as Team Sky look forward to the mountains. Richie Porte abandons Tour de France. Cyclingnews - BMC Racing rider crashes after 10 kilometres of stage 9.
Stage 9 finish line quotes. Cyclingnews - Emotional Degenkolb dedicates victory to 'second father'. Degenkolb wins much-feared stage in Roubaix. Cyclingnews - Carnage on the cobbles as Porte crashes out, Uran loses time.
It's a bike race and it goes on so, I tried to do my best for the whole team and keep the jersey. The closer we got to the finish, the more I started believing and this result is a big disappointment for me.
Maybe the race wasn't long enough for me really. I have a good sprint after six hours and today it was only 3 hours 30 minutes. I tried to do my own sprint instead of waiting for him [Degenkolb] but next time, I will try again and try to beat him.
I was really aiming for that win in yellow and it didn't happen but that's how it goes. Overall, I kept the jersey and made a great race out of the stage and this is also something.
I was really happy with my shape and it's been special to wear the yellow jersey. I think we did a very good job. We can be satisfied with what we achieved.
The Tour de France goes to Hell — cobbles preview. Cyclingnews - GC contenders right to fear stage 9 from Arras to Roubaix. Lefevere aims to win and 'kick out' some GC riders on Sunday's cobbles.
Cyclingnews - Quick-Step boss has a number of cards to play on stage 9. Vincenzo Nibali hoping to repeat his Roubaix cobbles attack of Tour de France.
Cyclingnews - 'People are perhaps expecting I'll do something again. If only it was that easy'. Adam Yates surrounded by Classics experts for Tour de France cobbled stage.
Tony Martin out of Tour de France with spinal fracture. Cyclingnews - Katusha-Alpecin rider crashed with Dan Martin on stage 8.
Dan Martin 'ripped to pieces' in Tour de France crash. Greipel, Gaviria relegated in separate incidents during sprint in Amiens.
Cyclingnews - Race jury showing no tolerance for head-butts in sprints. Cyclingnews - Dutchman's pure speed, clean sprint triumphs over argy-bargy.
Stage 8 finish line quotes. Groenewegen doubles up in Amiens. Cyclingnews - Dan Martin loses time in late crash; Greipel, Gaviria relegated.
We have worked really hard for this. It was about fighting for a good position all day. I have to thank the team for their trust and support.
This would have never been possible without my teammates. Our policy is to develop and improve young talents. All resources and expertise are put into this and this is now paying off.
We pay attention to all kind of details, from training to nutrition to equipment. Everyone within this team contributes to this. It was a long day and it was a little bit more relaxed but with a really fast final.
I am happy I could take those three extra seconds in the bonus sprint. It was an open sprint with nobody in front so it was good to give it a try and take some seconds to make sure I am safe for the next stage.
Now, I can probably keep the jersey to Roubaix and overall it's been a nice week so far. Tomorrow is going to be flat but shorter than today and I think it is going to have the same outcome.
I feel like I can focus on Sunday and try to be up there and we will see what happens. My back's against the wall the whole time, but I'll keep trying.
Stage 7 finish line quotes. Cyclingnews - Groenewegen, Cavendish and Laporte talk about the final sprint. Groenewegen wins stage 7 in Chartres.
Cyclingnews - Van Avermaet retains yellow. But I felt that it improved every day. In the fourth stage, my timing was wrong, but I felt good.
Compared to last year, I feel more pressure now. This really gives a lot of confidence for the coming stages. Stage 6 finish line quotes.
Dan Martin wins on the Mur de Bretagne. Cyclingnews - Van Avermaet keeps yellow, Dumoulin and Bardet lose time. He is good at picking the right moment.
I think if you win a stage like this after attacking from that point then you are the strongest guy. We tried to do a good job and Richie tried to set a good tempo for himself and to try and take some seconds over the rest of the contenders.
Each team brings multiple yellow jerseys in advance of the Tour in case one of their riders becomes the overall leader of the race.
Riders usually try to make the extra effort to keep the jersey for as long as possible in order to get more publicity for the team and its sponsors.
Eddy Merckx has worn the yellow jersey for 96 stages, which is more than any other rider in the history of the Tour de France. Four riders have won the general classification five times in their career: The mountains classification is the second oldest jersey awarding classification in the Tour de France.
The mountains classification was added to the Tour de France in the edition and was first won by Vicente Trueba.
Climbs are classified according to the steepness and length of that particular hill, with more points available for harder climbs.
The classification was preceded by the meilleur grimpeur English: The classification awarded no jersey to the leader until the Tour de France , when the organizers decided to award a distinctive white jersey with red dots to the leader.
At the end of the Tour, the rider holding the most climbing points wins the classification. Some riders may race with the aim of winning this particular competition, while others who gain points early on may shift their focus to the classification during the race.
The Tour has five categories for ranking the mountains the race covers. During his career Richard Virenque won the mountains classification a record seven times.
The point distribution for the mountains is as follows: The points classification is the third oldest of the currently awarded jersey classifications.
The classification was added to draw the participation of the sprinters as well as celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Tour. Points are given to the first 15 riders to finish a stage, with an additional set of points given to the first 15 riders to cross a pre-determined 'sprint' point during the route of each stage.
The point classification leader green jersey is worn by the rider who at the start of each stage, has the greatest number of points. In the first years, the cyclist received penalty points for not finishing with a high place, so the cyclist with the fewest points was awarded the green jersey.
From on, the system was changed so the cyclists were awarded points for high place finishes with first place getting the most points, and lower placings getting successively fewer points , so the cyclist with the most points was awarded the green jersey.
The number of points awarded varies depending on the type of stage, with flat stages awarding the most points at the finish and time trials and high mountain stages awarding the fewest points at the finish.
The winner of the classification is the rider with the most points at the end of the Tour. In case of a tie, the leader is determined by the number of stage wins, then the number of intermediate sprint victories, and finally, the rider's standing in the general classification.
The classification has been won a record six times by Erik Zabel and Peter Sagan. In the jersey was changed to red to please the sponsor.
For almost 25 years the classification was sponsored by Pari Mutuel Urbain, a state betting company. As of , the points awarded stands as: The leader of the classification is determined the same way as the general classification, with the riders' times being added up after each stage and the eligible rider with lowest aggregate time is dubbed the leader.
The Young rider classification is restricted to the riders that are under the age of Originally the classification was restricted to neo-professionals — riders that are in their first three years of professional racing — until In , the organizers made it so that only first time riders were eligible for the classification.
In , the organizers changed the rules of the classification to what they are today. This classification was added to the Tour de France in the edition , with Francesco Moser being the first to win the classification after placing seventh overall.
The Tour de France awards a white jersey to the leader of the classification, although this was not done between and Two riders have won the young rider classification three times in their respective careers: Jan Ullrich and Andy Schleck.
The most combative rider wears a number printed white-on-red instead of black-on-white next day. An award goes to the most aggressive rider throughout the Tour.
Already in a sort of combativity award was offered, when Sports Populaires and L'Education Physique created Le Prix du Courage , francs and a silver gilt medal for "the rider having finished the course, even if unplaced, who is particularly distinguished for the energy he has used.
It was initially not awarded every year, but since it has been given annually. Eddy Merckx has the most wins 4 for the overall award.
The team classification is assessed by adding the time of each team's best three riders each day. The competition does not have its own jersey but since the leading team has worn numbers printed black-on-yellow.
Until , the leading team would wear yellow caps. As of , the riders of the leading team wear yellow helmets.
There has been an intermediate sprints classification , which from awarded a red jersey  for points awarded to the first three to pass intermediate points during the stage.
These sprints also scored points towards the points classification and bonuses towards the general classification. The intermediate sprints classification with its red jersey was abolished in ,  but the intermediate sprints have remained, offering points for the points classification and, until , time bonuses for the general classification.
From there was a combination classification ,  scored on a points system based on standings in the general, points and mountains classifications.
The design was originally white, then a patchwork with areas resembling each individual jersey design. This was also abolished in The rider who has taken most time is called the lanterne rouge red lantern, as in the red light at the back of a vehicle so it can be seen in the dark and in past years sometimes carried a small red light beneath his saddle.
Such was sympathy that he could command higher fees in the races that previously followed the Tour. In and the organisers excluded the last rider every day, to encourage more competitive racing.
Prize money has always been awarded. From 20, francs the first year,  prize money has increased each year, although from to the first prize was an apartment offered by a race sponsor.
The first prize in was a car, a studio-apartment, a work of art, and , francs in cash. Prizes only in cash returned in Prizes and bonuses are awarded for daily placings and final placings at the end of the race.
The Souvenir Henri Desgrange , in memory of the founder of the Tour, is awarded to the first rider over the Col du Galibier where his monument stands,  or to the first rider over the highest col in the Tour.
A similar award, the Souvenir Jacques Goddet , is made at the summit of the Col du Tourmalet , at the memorial to Jacques Goddet , Desgrange's successor.
The Tour directors categorise mass-stage starts into 'flat', 'hilly', or 'mountain'. The first prologue was in The final time trial has sometimes been the final stage, more recently often the penultimate stage.
This stage rarely challenges the leader because it is flat and the leader usually has too much time in hand to be denied.
But in , Pedro Delgado broke away on the Champs to challenge the second lead held by Stephen Roche. He and Roche finished in the peloton and Roche won the Tour.
In modern times, there tends to be a gentlemen's agreement: In the last stage was a time trial. Greg LeMond overtook Laurent Fignon to win by eight seconds, the closest margin in the Tour's history.
The climb of Alpe d'Huez has become one of the more noted mountain stages. During the Tour de France it was the scene of a Riders complained of abusive spectators who threatened their progress up the climb.
Another notable mountain stage frequently featured climbs the Col du Tourmalet , the most visited mountain in the history of the Tour.
Col du Galibier is the most visited mountain in the Alps. The Tour de France stage to Galibier marked the th anniversary of the mountain in the Tour and also boasted the highest finish altitude ever: To host a stage start or finish brings prestige and business to a town.
The race may start with a prologue too short to go between towns in which case the start of the next day's racing, which would be considered stage 1, would usually be in the same town.
In director Christian Prudhomme said that "in general, for a period of five years we have the Tour start outside France three times and within France twice.
With the switch to the use of national teams in , the costs of accommodating riders fell to the organizers instead of the sponsors and Henri Desgrange raised the money by allowing advertisers to precede the race.
The procession of often colourfully decorated trucks and cars became known as the publicity caravan. It formalised an existing situation, companies having started to follow the race.
The first to sign to precede the Tour was the chocolate company, Menier , one of those who had followed the race. Preceding the race was more attractive to advertisers because spectators gathered by the road long before the race or could be attracted from their houses.
Advertisers following the race found that many who had watched the race had already gone home. Menier handed out tons of chocolate in that first year of preceding the race, as well as , policemen's hats printed with the company's name.
The success led to the caravan's existence being formalised the following year. The caravan was at its height between and the mids, before television and especially television advertising was established in France.
Advertisers competed to attract public attention. The writer Pierre Bost [n 8] lamented: It bellows, it plays ugly music, it's sad, it's ugly, it smells of vulgarity and money.
On top of that come the more considerable costs of the commercial samples that are thrown to the crowd and the cost of accommodating the drivers and the staff—frequently students—who throw them.
The number of items has been estimated at 11 million, each person in the procession giving out 3, to 5, items a day.
Together, they weighed 32 tonnes 31 long tons; 35 short tons. Numbers vary but there are normally around vehicles each year. Their order on the road is established by contract, the leading vehicles belonging to the largest sponsors.
The procession sets off two hours before the start and then regroups to precede the riders by an hour and a half. Vehicles travel in groups of five.
Their position is logged by GPS and from an aircraft and organised on the road by the caravan director—Jean-Pierre Lachaud [n 9] —an assistant, three motorcyclists, two radio technicians, and a breakdown and medical crew.
The first three Tours from — stayed within France. No teams from Italy, Germany, or Spain rode in because of tensions preceding the Second World War after German assistance to the Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War it was widely expected Spain would join Germany in a European war, though this did not come to pass.
Henri Desgrange planned a Tour for , after war had started but before France had been invaded. The route, approved by military authorities, included a route along the Maginot Line.
The first German team after the war was in , although individual Germans had ridden in mixed teams. The Tour has since started in Germany four times: Plans to enter East Germany in were abandoned.
It would be difficult to find accommodation for 4, people, he said. Our movement, which is nationalist and in favour of self-government, would be delighted if the Tour came to Corsica.
Most stages are in mainland France, although since the mids it has become common to visit nearby countries: The following editions of the Tour started, or are planned to start, outside France: The Tour was first followed only by journalists from L'Auto , the organisers.
The race was founded to increase sales of a floundering newspaper and its editor, Desgrange, saw no reason to allow rival publications to profit.
The first time papers other than L'Auto were allowed was , when 15 press cars were allowed for regional and foreign reporters.
The Tour was shown first on cinema newsreels a day or more after the event. They used telephone lines. In they broadcast the sound of riders crossing the col d'Aubisque in the Pyrenees on 12 July, using a recording machine and transmitting the sound later.
The first television pictures were shown a day after a stage. The national TV channel used two 16mm cameras, a Jeep, and a motorbike.
Film was flown or taken by train to Paris. It was edited there and shown the following day. The first live broadcast, and the second of any sport in France, was the finish at the Parc des Princes in Paris on 25 July The first live coverage from the side of the road was from the Aubisque on 8 July Proposals to cover the whole race were abandoned in after objections from regional newspapers whose editors feared the competition.
In the first mountain climbs were broadcast live on television for the first time,  and in helicopters were first used for the television coverage.
The leading television commentator in France was a former rider, Robert Chapatte. At first he was the only commentator.
He was joined in following seasons by an analyst for the mountain stages and by a commentator following the competitors by motorcycle.
Competition between channels raised the broadcasting fees paid to the organisers from 1. The two largest channels to stay in public ownership, Antenne 2 and FR3 , combined to offer more coverage than its private rival, TF1.
The two stations, renamed France 2 and France 3, still hold the domestic rights and provide pictures for broadcasters around the world.
The stations use a staff of with four helicopters, two aircraft, two motorcycles, 35 other vehicles including trucks, and 20 podium cameras.
Domestic television covers the most important stages of the Tour, such as those in the mountains, from mid-morning until early evening.
Coverage typically starts with a survey of the day's route, interviews along the road, discussions of the difficulties and tactics ahead, and a minute archive feature.
The biggest stages are shown live from start to end, followed by interviews with riders and others and features such an edited version of the stage seen from beside a team manager following and advising riders from his car.
Radio covers the race in updates throughout the day, particularly on the national news channel, France Info , and some stations provide continuous commentary on long wave.
The Tour was the first to be broadcast in the United States. The combination of unprecedented rigorous doping controls and almost no positive tests helped restore fans' confidence in the Tour de France.
This led directly to an increase in global popularity of the event. The Tour is an important cultural event for fans in Europe.
Millions  line the route, some having camped for a week to get the best view. Crowds flanking the course are reminiscent of the community festivals that are part of another form of cycle racing in a different country — the Isle of Man TT.
The book sold six million copies by the time of the first Tour de France,  the biggest selling book of 19th-century France other than the Bible.
There had already been a car race called the Tour de France but it was the publicity behind the cycling race, and Desgrange's drive to educate and improve the population,  that inspired the French to know more of their country.
Patrick Le Gall made Chacun son Tour In , three films chronicled a team. By following their quest for the points classification, won by Cooke, the film looks at the working of the brain.
It was directed by Bayley Silleck, who was nominated for an Academy Award for documentary short subject in for Cosmic Voyage.
Vive Le Tour by Louis Malle is an minute short of This minute documentary has no narration and relies on sights and sounds of the Tour.
After the Tour de France there are criteria in the Netherlands and Belgium. These races are public spectacles where thousands of people can see their heroes , from the Tour de France, race.
The budget of a criterium is over , Euro, with most of the money going to the riders. Sagan wins stage 5 in Quimper. Dan Martin wins on the Mur de Bretagne.
Groenewegen wins stage 7 in Chartres. Groenewegen doubles up in Amiens. Sunday, July 15 Degenkolb wins much-feared stage in Roubaix.
Monday, July 16 Annecy. Tuesday, July 17 Alaphilippe wins in Le Grand Bornand. Wednesday, July 18 Geraint Thomas wins stage 11 at La Rosiere, takes yellow.
Thursday, July 19 Thomas wins atop Alpe d'Huez. Friday, July 20 Peter Sagan wins stage 13 bunch sprint in Valence.
Fraile wins in Mende. Sunday, July 22 Magnus Cort wins stage 15 in Carcassonne. Monday, July 23 Carcassonne. Alaphilippe wins stage